The Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labeling of Chemicals (GHS) was formally adopted in July 2003 by the United Nations Economic and Social Council. The primary objective of GHS is to enhance the protection of human health and the environment through harmonized classification and communication of hazard information for chemicals and mixtures and to facilitate international trade.
To support smooth implementation of the GHS in consumer products, JSDA developed a guidance document to implement GHS for consumer products, especially for human health hazards, and plans to implement GHS in hand dishwashing liquids, acid/chlorine cleaners and chlorine bleaches from year 2011. The guidance document (pdf) is available.
Why did JSDA develop a guide to implement the GHS in consumer products?
Methodology and criteria to classify chemicals and mixtures are well described in the GHS official text. However, descriptions in the GHS text are not so specific for consumer product manufacturers to classify their products, especially in application of likelihood of injury which is described in the Annex 5 of the GHS official text. Thus, JSDA developed a guidance to implement GHS in consumer products based on the GHS official text to help consumer products manufacturers to classify their products as a tool kit. The guidance document describes about key GHS elements relevant to consumer products in its main body, and provides specific explanations about classes and categories appropriate to consumer products and procedure to classify consumer products.
In addition, National Institute of Technology and Evaluation, NITE, developed "Guidance on a consumer product risk assessment for GHS labelling", and the guidance include some case studies to classify varnish, deodorant, adhesive, dishwashing detergent and air freshener. The guidance (English version) (http://www.safe.nite.go.jp/english/ghs/consumer_product.html ) is available.