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History of Japan Soap and Detergent Association(JSDA)

March 2010

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*History of Japan Soap and Detergent Association(JSDA)

**Historical Events concerning Human and Environmental Safety

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Historical Events concerning Human and Environmental Safety

1950

◆ Japan Soap Association/Fats & Oil Processing Association, the original organization of Japan Soap & Detergent Association (JSDA), was established.
1951 ◆ The first petroleum-base synthetic detergent appeared in the marketplace in Japan.
1960 ◆ A report that rats died by applying detergent to the skin was published in the Japanese Society of Public Health, which triggered a movement that synthetic detergent was harmful.
1962 ◆ The Food Sanitation Investigation Council submitted a report to Ministry of Health & Welfare (MHW) that synthetic detergent does not hurt human health as long as the usage does not extremely deviate from the original cleaning purpose.
1964 ◆ Sudsing issue on rivers by synthetic detergent took place.
1966
◆ The industry aligned to switch the surfactant in detergent from ABS to LAS, which has higher biodegradability, as a countermeasure of the sudsing issue.
1971
◆ Eutorophication issue appeared in Lake Biwa, and the media reported that phosphates in detergent were associated with the issue. Since then, misunderstanding that detergent was the cause of the issue had been fixed broadly.
1972
◆ Switch to "soft-type detergent", i.e. switching the surfactant in household detergent from ABS to LAS, was completed.
◆ Tokyo prohibited the use of dish-washing detergent for washing school lunch dishes.
1973
◆ Related organizations to the industry merged and established JSDA.
 The government published an official statement, "Safety and Environmental Impact of Synthetic Detergent".
 MHW began a research on the teratogenicity of LAS by the expert group.
1974
◆ The first nationwide meeting against synthetic detergent was held.
◆ The first edition of JSDA magazine, "Clean Age", was published.
1975

◆ JSDA, as the industry, announced the self-imposed guideline to limit the content of phosphates in detergent to 15% or less.
◆ JSDA began to publish "Water Quality Annual Report", which was renamed as "Environment Annual Report" in 1993.

1976
◆ MHW announced the research result that LAS is not associated with teratogenicity.
1978
◆ Research results on the teratogenicity of LAS conducted by multiple universities were compiled, and the Science and the Technology Agency reported that LAS is not associated with teratogenicity.
◆ The semi-closed water area portion in the Water Pollution Control Law was revised.
◆ Anti-synthetic detergent activity spread out across the country.
◆ JSDA revised the content of phosphates in detergent defined in the self-imposed guideline to 10% or less.
1980
◆ Non-phosphate detergent went on the market.
1983
◆ The Environmental Health Bureau of MHW published a booklet, "Toxicity of Detergent and its Evaluation".
1984
◆ Sales of non-phosphate detergent exceeded 90% of total laundry detergent sales.
  JSDA conducted a study to evaluate environmental impact of synthetic detergent on Lake Biwa, and announced the analytical result that there were no major effects of LAS.
1985
◆ Conversion to non-phosphate detergent was completed.
1987
◆ Compact-type detergent went on the market.
1988
◆ "Dangerous ? Do not mix" campaign for chlorine bleach began in order to avoid its misuse.
1989
◆ The industry activity to reduce plastic usage began.
1991
◆ Production of compact-type detergent reached to 80% of total laundry detergent production.
1992
◆ JSDA conducted a study to measure the content of anionic surfactant in the septic tank with joint treatment system in cooperation with septic tank manufacturers. (The result showed 98% removal, which is equivalent to that of sewage treatment.)
1993
◆ Major progress was made on the conversion to environmental-friendly containers for detergents, etc.
1995
◆ Japan Society on Water Environment published a booklet, "Q&A Water Environment and Detergent", as one of conclusions by academia.
1996
◆ Food poisoning by O-157 took place.
◆ JSDA published a brochure, "Human Safety and Environmental Acceptability of Detergent".
1997
◆ The Containers and Packaging Recycling Law was enforced.
2001
◆ JSDA announced the evaluation result on a washing machine with a program which required no detergent addition.
  The Pollutant Release and Transfer Register Law was enforced.
2003
◆ OECD announced that the human safety risk of LAS is low based on their own assessment.
2005
◆ OECD announced that the environmental impact of LAS is low based on their own assessment.


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